Corsehill Specification

General
The quarry, near Annan, was reopened in 1982 having closed in 1946. There are good stocks of stone. Prior to closure Corsehill had been used throughout the last century. Stone is extracted from a 15m face and is available at depths of up to 1.2m on bed although 900mm is the average size. Exceptionally good lengths of up to 3m are obtainable.

Petrography 
1) Macroscopic
Corsehill is from the New Red Sandstone of Triassic age. It is a fine-grained stone, pale red-brown, slightly calcareous, slightly calcareous sandstone.

2) Microscopic
The stone is composed of detrital quartz, opaline silica, feldspars and occasional mica crystals all with a reddened feruginous clay coating. Iron minerals are abundant as both black and brown haematite. The rock fragments are dominated by polycrystalline chert and mudstone grains. Some samples show altered quartz grains with iron oxide and other alteration products in the pore spaces. Coarser samples appear to be less altered with silica cement more prominent.

Expected Durability and Performance 
It is important that the results from the from individual tests are not viewed in isolation. They should be considered together and compared to the performance of the stone in existing buildings and other uses. Sandstone from the New Red Sandstone series are traditionally acknowledged as generally being a very durable building and paving stone and have been used extensively in many towns and cities in the UK. Corsehill sandstone appears to be a durable stone that is not effected by acid rain or air pollution. However, the moderate weight loss in the sodium sulphate crystallisation test indicates limited resistance to salt damage under normal conditions and the high weight loss in the harsher saturated sodium sulphate test indicates susceptibility to salt damage in harsh environments (for example in coastal locations or from de-icing salts). The compressive strength of the stone is towards the lower end of the range for sandstone but is comparable with stronger limestones. The flexural strength is towards the lower end of the range for sandstone and if used for paving then the units may need to be thicker than those for some other sandstones.

Overall, Corsehill should be suitable for use in most aspects of construction including flooring, paving, load bearing masonry and cladding caution should be used in areas where a long service life is needed and there are high salt concentrations.

Test Results – Corsehill

Safety in Use
Slip Resistance (Note 1)

84

Wet Values > 40 are considered safe.
Abrasion Resistance (Note 1)

Not Tested

Values <23.0 are considered suitable for use in heavily trafficked areas
Strength under load
1) Compression(Note 2)

67.6 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the bedding plane ambient humidity
2) Bending (Note 1)

5.7 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the bedding plane ambient humidity

Not Tested

Loaded perpendicular to the bedding plane ambient humidity
Porosity and Water Absorption
1) Porosity (Note 3)

28.8%

2) Saturation Coefficient (Note 3)

0.66

3) Water Absorption

10.1 % (by wt)

4) Bulk specific gravity

1888kg/m3

Resistance to Frost 
Flexural strength after Freeze/Thaw Test (Note 1)

8.6 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the bedding plane ambient humidity
Resistance to Salt
Sodium Sulphate Crystallisation Test (Note 3)

3.83% Mean wt loss

Sodium Sulphate Crystallisation Test (Note 14) (saturated)

92% Mean wt loss

Resistance to Acidity
Acid Immersion Test(Note 4)

Pass

(Test methods Note 1 = prEn1341, Note 2 = prEn 1342, Note 3 = prEn 1341 /BRE 141, Note 4 = BRE 141)